- Obesity (a patient who has a body mass index—BMI—over 30 is at greater risk of developing PAD).
- High blood pressure (blood pressure greater than 140/90 is considered a “red flag” for PAD).
- High cholesterol (a total blood cholesterol level greater than 240 milligrams per deciliter increases the risk).
Signs and Symptoms
Unfortunately, many individuals afflicted with PAD either have mild symptoms or do not show any signs of the condition at all. For those who do, they may experience such issues as:
- Intermittent claudication, which is a painful cramping in the calf, thigh, or hip muscles following physical activities like walking or going up stairs.
- Either a weak or nonexistent pulse in feet or legs.
- Leg weakness or numbness.
- Coldness in either a foot or lower leg, particularly if this is not experienced in the other foot or leg.
- Sores that do not heal or take a longer than normal time to do so.
- Slow hair growth, hair loss, or change of color in the legs.
- Slow toenail growth.